Monday, November 30, 2015

Midnight 2nd + character-driven game + a threat that isn't character death

(Yes, this blog is still alive... sort of.) My local group of players had a really bad experience with Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay – a mix of wrong expectations and irrational preferences in my opinion. They find Warhammer Fantasy too absurd in its “Grim-Dark-Humour” style of fantasy. They also can’t accept how the setting is presented in the boardgames and videogames versus its presentation in the tabletop RPGs. Another day, after hearing they complaining of Warhammer Fantasy and it’s “Mohawk dwarves” for about an hour I said that the problem was that they’re playing the wrong game: they wanted a game of dark fantasy, of higher level and using classical themes (no British humor or Heavy Metal influence I guess… but yes do please add more Tolkien). If such game was rooted in their favorite RPG (d20 system) so much the better. In other words, they wanted to play Midnight.

But that affirmation brought up an entire different issue. You see, my players love to death games like Pathfinder, D&D, Star Wars Saga etc., but they complain every time I try to bring a dungeon-based or more “Old School” proposal to the table. They say they want drama-laden and character-driven campaigns, where they can develop their characters with agency and (cliché) grand backgrounds (where most PCs are almost always candidates to lone wolves and you start to wander why in the Nine Hells they are playing a tabletop cooperative game). In other words, they’re hypocrites. But that’s normal… most of my groups pretend to play only Storyteller or Drama System games, but relish combat and tactic encounter-based games (mostly d20 System). It’s a conundrum I guess.

What I’m trying to say is that they really wanted to play Midnight, but when a told them that the setting is as much (or more) lethal than Dark Sun, they started complaining again (yes, they’re a basically bunch of 25 year old teens).

So, I discovered that I had to run a dark fantasy game where Evil is everywhere and characters are deep and complex, facing dire challenges but not dying easily (like a TV series). At first I just thought of adding Hero Point rules to Midnight (either from Arcana Unearthed or Pathfinder) to avoid random deaths. I was already using D&D 3.5 because Midnight 2nd is such a lovely game that I really didn’t wanted to have to convert everything to other system. But I also thought that just adding Hero Points was lazy, so I needed a more robust mechanic.

The theme of our Midnight campaign is ‘Hope & Shadow’ (because some eldritch rule dictates that you must add ‘Shadow’ to anything related to Midnight J) and it deals with corruption and the will to bring hope to place where it’s forsaken (you can see it as a variant of Tolkien’s Long Defeat theme).

The game is about the last survivors of a hidden village (the PCs) hunting down the orcs that killed or slaved their loved ones. The motivation of the PCs is their emotional link to those NPCs. Thus I created a mechanic around two metagame pools – Hope Points and Shadow Points.

Hope Points are used basically the “recharge” a PC. They reset a character – maximum hit points; restored daily abilities; remove ability damage, drain and curses; recover spell points etc. (to balance the fact that spellcasters get a greater boost, I made Hope Points grant a Warrior/Rogue pool that can be used as temporary bonus to certain actions). PCs only gain Hope Points from interacting with special NPCs called Hearts.

Shadow Points are basically your “Dark Side Points” and pack quite a punch. You can use 1 Shadow Point to obtain “maximum effect” for 1 entire round – i.e. you’re considered to roll the best number in all dices and to succeed in every action (if deemed possible). Like an overpowered “Take 20”. Or you can use Shadow Points to change the way the rules work (like the Arcana Unearthed’s Hero Points). Shadow Points were made to be tempting and awesome. PCs gain Shadow Points by destroying their relationship with their Hearts and by succumbing to the Shadow (i.e. Izrador, the Dark God of Midnight). There’s a limit to how much Shadow Points you can gain before being corrupted to Shadow (the limit is a bit random, so players can’t guess it and abuse it… I’m testing 1d4+4 Shadow Points rolled secretly).

There’re other uses to both Hope and Shadow Points but I won’t get in the minutiae.

The campaign must still run like a d20 traditional game, so I needed lots of encounters dealing with survival, combat, exploration and such (besides classical Midnight stuff like evading orc patrols, facing Legates, finding nexus etc.). But I also needed to have character-driven and background-heavy scenes. So I structured the game around a flashback/present frame.

Each session a random player gets a flashback. In this flashback the PC interacts with one of his 2 Hearts – a Heart is a NPCs chosen from that PC’s past (defined during character creation). Each flashback is a short scene dealing with a difficult moral choice or emotional conflict. If the PC manages to uplift and give hope to their respective Heart, they come out of the scene with 1 Hope Point. These flashback scenes are pure roleplaying experiences 90% of the time (in Drama System you’d call them ‘dramatic scenes’). If the PC manages to purposely hurt their relationship with their Heart, they can gain 1 Shadow Point.

The tactical element of that frame lies in the fact that a flashback can be invoked anytime during the game session. So a PC can choose in the middle of a combat to summon a flashback in order to gain 1 Hope/Shadow point and thus win (or doom) the day.

Besides the rolled flashback for a random player (which each player can only get once, then the cycle starts over again), each PC can also invoke 1 flashback per character level.

The final limitation on flashback scenes is that only 2 such scenes can happen per game session (otherwise the session becomes practically a solo game and the pacing is ruined).

Besides their 2 NPC Hearts, each PC must choose another PC to be their third Heart. This last Heart works a bit differently. Each player decides a type of relation between his PC and the other (love, brotherhood, apprenticeship or even envy or more complex things like “the desire to push the PC to his limits and show his potential”***). Basically, you have a responsibility to keep your 3rd Heart going on, you have to instigate hope in him. If you can keep him for 1-2 game sessions without suffering harmful conditions (like Dying, Confused, Panicked etc.) or suffering curses, insanities (and other effects) you grant him 1 Hope Point. However, if you can’t do it for 2-3 sessions, then YOU gain 1 Shadow Point.

The idea is to keep pressuring the party. You either gives Hope or fall to Shadow. Fighting Izrador is hard for the spirit and I tried to reflect that (and the possibility of falling like the Night Kings did) mechanically… We’re still in an our 4th session the campaign has been an enriching experience for me in regard to game designing.

***The party’s channeler PC created this option for his 3rd Heart.


  1. This is a really cool idea. I love the hope and shadow points, the corruption, the roleplaying scenarios to gain hope or shadow, and the restraints put on it to limit it in power balance and also game flow (not too many per session, etc).

    My only concern is a lot of pre-planning would be needed to create all the different flashback scenarios. In a TV episode the flashback normally pertains to the situation so that would require a lot of adhoc storytelling or a lot of planning to have enough hooks to fill out the flashbacks. If you have a large group I can see it get overwhelming.

    I love Midnight and I think it's a good choice. You can also easily run it in 5e to make it more theater of the mind and quicker pace then d20 games can run.

  2. Thank you! Actually, the planning part is easy. Most flashbacks are "fillers". For example: one of the PC has a Heart (his Tutor). This was the NPC that saved him from wilderness and trained him. Note, however, that all this happened in the past and we didn't defined how things ended between tutor and apprentice. The flashbacks fill this background gap (and yes, the idea is that eventually the PC and the NPC will meet in the "present" all those flashbacks will define how they'll interact).

    This style works better if you and the table are fine with the idea of vague backgrounds and that the important points between the PCs and their NPC Hearts will be defined during the game. Eventually the relationship between a PC and his NPC Hearts will be concluded. Once this happens, I'll probably introduce the NPC in the campaign "present" to close the history. This Midnight campaign was planned as relative short game.

    1. Ow, the preparation part is easy because I just have to keep 1 flashback scene "in store" for each player. It isn't that hard as, at the best, there will be 2 flashbacks per game session.